Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank Headquarters / Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM)
Building on SOM’s tradition of innovative engineering, the design for a bank’s new headquarters incorporates a distinctive external diagrid that significantly reduces solar gain. Inside, responsive solar shading technology and natural airflow enhance staff wellbeing.
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) has completed a 158-meter-tall, 33-story tower, located on the edge of a public park at the center of one of Shenzhen’s key business districts, that responds to the region’s tropical climate through a series of biophilic and sustainable design solutions. The firm was commissioned by Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank in 2012 to design a new headquarters that balances the bank’s vision for the future alongside its history as a rural credit union.
The tower’s facade is defined by an external diagrid, which serves as both the building’s structure as well as an important solar shading element. At its base, the diagrid widens to create framed openings and views to the surrounding park and Qianhai Bay, a short walk from the building. “We’re always exploring opportunities to synthesize inventive engineering solutions with architectural design. The Rural Commercial Bank Headquarters gave us the chance to incorporate a diagrid -similar to an exoskeleton – that pulls the structure to the exterior and effectively suspends the tower within to create column-free workspaces” explains Scott Duncan, SOM Design Partner
Drawing upon principles from feng shui, in which water and wealth are intrinsically linked, the lobby is encircled by a reflecting pool and features a rippling wall of water adjacent to the main entrance. A 15 meter high “rain curtain,” with droplets of water that cascade down small translucent filaments, lines the lobby’s ultra transparent glass walls. On hot summer days, these water features provide an evaporative cooling effect for the entire building. Above, suspended lighting fixtures mimic droplets of rain, and the lobby’s marble walls shift from a textured to honed finish to evoke water’s effect on stone.
Three essential elements – earth, water and air – figure prominently in the building features, from the multistory rain curtain in the main lobby, to the striated marble cladding the tower’s elevator core, and to the natural ventilation system that brings fresh air into common areas and office spaces. Reflecting pools, grey granite paving and seating areas, and arrays of trees and ground cover define the main entrance spaces and small gardens at the base of the tower. This tactile experience at ground level transitions and becomes more atmospheric as one progresses up the tower to the open floor plans and “floating” diagrid above. At the crown of the tower, operable walls and an outdoor deck blur distinctions between indoor and outdoor spaces.
The vertical atria span the height of the structure. On each floor, employees can use louvres to open and close vents, allowing them to access fresh air from the atria. This feature generates significant savings in environmental and energy efficiency. Interior spaces are defined by a minimal glass perimeter wall and a daylight-responsive shading system. Finally, a stairway runs the height of the building. The new Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank Headquarters is LEED Platinum and is targeting China Green Star certification.
- Landscape: Arup
- Design Team: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
- Client: Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank
- Project Area: 94,049 square meters
- Building Height: 158 meters
- Number of Stories: 33